From Steel To Tracks: How Rails Are Manufactured In India

From Steel to Tracks: How Rails are Manufactured in India

In India, the rails are manufactured by combining the power of steel and innovation of engineering. Railways are an integral part of India’s transportation infrastructure, and keeping them running is essential for a country of over 1.3 billion people. To this end, the majority of India’s rails are produced and maintained in various factories and workshops throughout the country. In this article, we’ll explore the process of manufacturing and maintaining India’s rail network.

Raw Materials Used in Rail Manufacturing

The raw materials used to manufacture rails in India are steel, iron ore, and other metals. Steel is the most important component, as it forms the majority of the rail’s structure. Iron ore is used to create steel, and other metals are used to create various components, such as the wheels and axles. All of these components are carefully sourced by the manufacturers to ensure the highest quality and safety standards.

The Rail Manufacturing Process

The process of manufacturing rails in India typically begins with the melting of steel. The molten steel is poured into molds that are designed to create the desired shape and size of the rail. This process is done in large furnaces that can reach temperatures of up to 1,500 degrees Celsius. After the steel has cooled, it is then machined to create the necessary components, such as the wheels, axles, and connectors. The components are then assembled and welded together to create the finished rail.

Testing and Quality Control

To ensure that India’s rail network is safe and reliable, all of the manufactured rails are put through rigorous testing and quality control procedures. The rails must pass a variety of tests, such as tensile strength, impact resistance, and fatigue resistance tests. All of these tests are done to ensure that the rails are up to the standards of the Indian Railways. If any of the tests fail, the rails are rejected and sent back to the manufacturer for reworking.


In India, the rails are manufactured by combining the power of steel and innovation of engineering. With the help of carefully sourced raw materials and rigorous testing, the Indian Railways can ensure that the country’s rail network is safe and reliable. As India’s population continues to grow, so too will the importance of having a reliable rail network. With this in mind, India’s rail manufacturers will continue to work hard to ensure that the country’s rail system is up to the task.